Do Chickens Lay Eggs in Winter?

Do Chickens Lay Eggs in Winter?

As a chicken owner, one of the questions I’m often asked is, “Do chickens lay eggs in winter?” The answer to this question is not a simple yes or no, as it depends on several factors.

First and foremost, it’s important to understand that chickens are affected by the same seasonal changes as we are. As the days grow shorter and the temperature drops, their egg production naturally decreases. This is because chickens need a certain amount of daylight to stimulate their reproductive system and produce eggs.

However, this doesn’t mean that chickens stop laying eggs altogether in the winter. With a little extra care and attention, you can help keep your feathered friends healthy and laying eggs all year round.

In this article, we’ll explore some of the factors that can impact egg production in winter and share some tips for keeping your chickens happy and productive.

Factors that Affect Egg Production in Winter.

Daylight Hours

It’s important to understand how the reproductive system works in these birds. A chicken’s reproductive cycle is controlled by a small gland located at the base of the brain called the pituitary gland. This gland is responsible for releasing hormones that stimulate the ovaries to produce eggs.

The release of these hormones is triggered by changes in daylight hours, with longer days signaling to the pituitary gland that it’s time to start the reproductive cycle. In general, chickens need at least 14-16 hours of daylight to produce eggs consistently.

During the winter months, however, the days are shorter, and the nights are longer, which can disrupt this natural cycle. As a result, chickens may experience a decrease in egg production or even stop laying eggs altogether.

To address this issue, many chicken owners choose to provide supplemental lighting in their coop during the winter months. This artificial light helps to extend the number of daylight hours that chickens are exposed to, which can help to stimulate their reproductive system and promote egg production.

It’s important to note, however, that chickens need a consistent and balanced amount of light exposure. Sudden changes or disruptions to their lighting schedule can be stressful for the birds and may actually reduce their egg-laying abilities. Therefore, if you choose to provide supplemental lighting, it’s essential to use a timer to ensure that the light schedule is consistent and doesn’t disrupt your chickens’ natural sleep patterns.


Temperature plays an important role in the health and productivity of your chickens during the winter months. Chickens are more comfortable in temperatures between 50-70 degrees Fahrenheit. If the temperature drops below this range, it can have a negative impact on their overall health, causing them to stop laying eggs altogether.

In addition to the impact on egg production, chickens also need to use extra energy to keep warm in the winter. This energy can be taken away from their egg-laying abilities, which can result in a decrease in egg production. Therefore, it’s important to provide your chickens with a warm and dry shelter to keep them protected from the cold weather.

Providing your chickens with plenty of bedding, such as straw or wood shavings, can help to insulate their coop and keep them warm. You should also ensure that the coop is well-ventilated to prevent moisture buildup, which can lead to health issues such as respiratory problems.

Another important aspect to consider is providing your chickens with access to fresh water. Water is crucial for maintaining their overall health and productivity. However, during the winter months, water can freeze easily, so it’s important to regularly check and replace their water to ensure it’s not frozen.

By taking these steps, you can help ensure that your chickens stay warm, healthy, and productive during the colder months of the year.


During winter, chickens require a higher amount of calories to keep themselves warm, which can lead to an increase in their feed intake. It’s essential to provide your chickens with a balanced diet, including a high-quality layer feed that is specifically designed to meet their nutritional needs. Layer feed contains the right amount of protein, vitamins, and minerals, which are vital for healthy egg production. You can also supplement their diet with treats such as vegetables, fruits, and mealworms to provide extra nutrition and keep them happy.

Additionally, it’s important to ensure that your chickens have access to clean, fresh water at all times. Water is essential for egg production and overall health, and during the winter, it’s crucial to prevent it from freezing. Consider investing in a heated waterer to ensure that your chickens have access to clean water even in the coldest weather.

Finally, it’s essential to monitor your chickens’ weight and adjust their diet accordingly. Overweight or underweight chickens may have difficulty laying eggs, so it’s important to make sure they are maintaining a healthy weight throughout the winter months. By providing your chickens with a balanced diet and monitoring their weight, you can help ensure healthy egg production all year round.

Tips for Keeping Your Chickens Productive in the Winter.

Provide Adequate Lighting

One way to help your chickens continue laying eggs in the winter is to provide them with additional lighting. You can use artificial light to supplement the natural daylight and extend the number of hours of light your chickens receive each day.

A common rule of thumb is to provide 14-16 hours of light per day, which should be evenly spaced out between day and night. It’s important to use a timer to ensure that the light schedule is consistent and doesn’t disrupt your chickens’ natural sleep patterns.

Keep Your Chickens Warm

Adding additional lighting can help to stimulate your chickens’ reproductive system and keep them laying eggs consistently throughout the winter months. By providing your chickens with at least 14-16 hours of light per day, you can help ensure that they receive the amount of daylight they need to lay eggs regularly.

It’s essential to evenly space out the additional lighting between day and night to mimic natural daylight patterns, and you should use a timer to ensure that the lighting schedule is consistent. This will help your chickens maintain a regular sleep schedule, which is important for their overall health and wellbeing.

It’s worth noting that you don’t need to provide your chickens with excessively bright lighting. Soft white bulbs that produce 40-60 watts of light are sufficient and will not cause any stress to your birds. Additionally, be sure to keep the lighting fixture and cords away from your chickens to prevent any accidents or injuries.

Provide High-Quality Feed and Treats

High-quality feed and treats are essential for keeping your chickens healthy and productive during the winter months. Chickens require a balanced diet that includes protein, vitamins, minerals, and calcium to produce healthy eggs.

You can find a variety of commercial chicken feed products available that are specifically formulated for egg-laying chickens. These feeds typically contain a mix of grains, seeds, and protein sources such as soybeans or fishmeal. You can also supplement their diet with fresh vegetables and fruits, as well as kitchen scraps such as cooked rice, oatmeal, or scrambled eggs.

It’s important to avoid feeding your chickens too many treats or table scraps, as this can disrupt their balanced diet and lead to health issues. Additionally, make sure that your chickens always have access to clean, fresh water to help keep them hydrated and healthy.

By providing your chickens with high-quality feed and treats, you can help ensure that they have the nutrients they need to lay eggs consistently throughout the winter months.

Monitor Your Chickens’ Health

It is important to closely monitor your chickens’ health, especially during the winter when they are more vulnerable to illness. Cold weather can weaken their immune system, making them more susceptible to diseases and infections. By keeping an eye on your chickens and detecting any signs of illness early on, you can prevent potential health issues from worsening and ensure your chickens stay healthy.

Some signs of illness in chickens include lethargy, loss of appetite, unusual behavior, and abnormal droppings. Chickens may also have a decreased egg production if they are not feeling well. It’s important to act quickly if you notice any of these symptoms and consult with a veterinarian who specializes in poultry to get a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

Preventative measures such as keeping your chickens’ living environment clean and providing them with proper nutrition and hydration can also help maintain their overall health and reduce the risk of illness. By taking proactive steps to monitor your chickens’ health, you can help ensure that they stay healthy and continue to produce high-quality eggs.


In summary, chickens can lay eggs in the winter with the proper care and attention. Factors such as daylight hours, temperature, and nutrition can impact egg production, but with additional lighting, warm housing, and high-quality feed, you can help keep your chickens healthy and productive all year round. Remember to monitor your chickens’ health and seek veterinary care if necessary. With these tips, you can enjoy fresh eggs even in the coldest months of the year.

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About James Polystead

I grew up on a small farm. My parents used to grow food and keep animals for our sustenance. They would sell the surplus to make an extra coin to supplement the income from their jobs. I am taking the same path. I have over 40 chickens for eggs and meat. I also grow vegetables in my backyard. follow me on Twitter

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